The career scope as a geologist also includes acting in the capacity of a research scientist who unveils the many secrets of the earth. Many international companies and federal agencies are hiring geologists to help them get an insight about the future changes that are associated with geographical cavities and formations like volcanoes, rocks, minerals, soil structure, etc. Geology includes components of chemistry, physics, history and natural sciences, which are used for evaluating the strata of our planet. Some of the new career options for geologists include paleontology, geophysics, marine geology, etc.
The responsibilities of a geologist vary on the basis of their area of expertise, and educational qualifications. This can range from studying about various oceanography, environmental legislation, management of waste, hydrology, mineralogy etc. But the common responsibilities shared by all geologists include extensive research and field exploration for knowing more about the strata of the earth. They study natural phenomenon and climatic changes, which are all a part of the earth's processes. The task of a geologist involves preparation of statistical analysis, reports, and summarizing the field work done by others. Field work for them involves taking samples from the Tropical Ocean floor or the polar ice caps, and generating reports by analyzing them.
A geologist has to use sophisticated equipment for monitoring changes in the earth's strata, and prepare warnings for impending events. This profession is hazardous because field studies require extensive risks like entering caves and volcanoes. Conducting research, warning against catastrophic events, analysis of changes in the layers of soil, study of deforestation and its climatic impacts are some of the other responsibilities of the geologist. They help locate and study the natural resources. The geologist is also responsible for the safety of other team members during field research, and hence they should devise strategies to avoid any mishap.
As a geologist you should be willing to work during the oddest of hours, and enter some of the riskiest zones in the planet. A geologist may have to go miles below the surface of the earth to study the oceans or mineral reserves. You should have the courage to take such risks, along with displaying motivation and leadership skills to guide the other members of your team. Effective planning and organizational skills help make the entire process easier.
Educational qualifications for the geologist include a bachelor's degree in geology for entry level jobs. Master's degrees and PhDs can help you secure better jobs, and specialize in the area of your choice, which is good in case you are looking for a career in academics. Salaries of geologists range from $31,000 to $67,000 based on educational qualifications and experience.